Materials may be reported in a separate paragraph or else they may Various models of writing a research paper identified along with your procedures. You may nevertheless find outside sources, and you should cite any articles that the instructor provides or that you find for yourself.
Content Summarize your findings in text and illustrate them, if appropriate, with figures and tables. When I research a topic, I may be interested in just the methods, a specific result, the interpretation, or perhaps I just want to see a summary of the paper to determine if it is relevant to my study.
General intent This should be the easiest section to write, but many students misunderstand the purpose. If you are citing an on line journal, use the journal citation name, volume, year, page numbers.
The well known journal Science does away with separate sections altogether, except for the abstract. Decide if the experimental design adequately addressed the hypothesis, and whether or not it was properly controlled. In particular, it is not supposed to tell a story.
To make a paper readable Print or type using a 12 point standard font, such as Times, Geneva, Bookman, Helvetica, etc. Make this section a completely objective report of the results, and save all interpretation for the discussion. General style Specific editorial requirements for submission of a manuscript will always supercede instructions in these general guidelines.
Approaches vary widely, however for our studies the following approach can produce an effective introduction. General intent The purpose of an introduction is to aquaint the reader with the rationale behind the work, with the intention of defending it.
Organize your ideas, making one major point with each paragraph. In a minute or less a reader can learn the rationale behind the study, general approach to the problem, pertinent results, and important conclusions or new questions.
If you practice economy of words, that should be plenty of space within which to say all that you need to say.
Anemia is a condition in which there is insufficient hemoglobin in the blood. It is never appropriate to simply state that the data agreed with expectations, and let it drop at that. To be concise, present methods under headings devoted to specific procedures or groups of procedures Generalize - report how procedures were done, not how they were specifically performed on a particular day.
Text should complement any figures or tables, not repeat the same information. Analyze your data, then prepare the analyzed converted data in the form of a figure graphtable, or in text form.
If you make the four points listed above, you will need a minimum of four paragraphs. Continue to be concise, using figures and tables, if appropriate, to present results most effectively.
Materials and Methods There is no specific page limit, but a key concept is to keep this section as concise as you possibly can.
See recommendations for content, below. In a proper research paper, only primary literature is used original research articles authored by the original investigators.
General form of a typical research article Specific guidelines if any for the assignment — see the writeups on individual lab studies McMillan, VE. Do not simply dismiss a study or part of a study as "inconclusive.Student Models. When you need an example written by a student, check out our vast collection of free student models.
Scroll through the list, or search for a mode of. Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so.
The Creating a Research Space [C.A.R.S.] Model was developed by John Swales based upon his analysis of journal articles representing a variety of discipline-based writing practices. His model attempts to explain and describe the organizational pattern of writing the introduction to scholarly.
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10 WRITING THE RESEARCH PAPER he research paper is an original essay presenting your ideas in response to information found in library sources. As you gather research material, your ever-increasing knowledge of a topic will allow you to make informed judgments and original.
research paper writing. The model was designed based on the Curriculum at the English Education Study Program, Faculty of Language and Art Education of IKIP PGRI Bojonegoro, East Java, Indonesia.Download