Bythe Confederate dollar was worthless due to high inflation, and people in the South had to resort to bartering services for goods, or else use scarce Union dollars.
Lincoln proposed giving the vote to "the very intelligent, and especially those who have fought gallantly in our ranks. After the census, the South would gain numerous additional representatives in Congress, based on the population of freedmen.
Johnson also believed that such service should be rewarded with citizenship. Hayes reached a compromise with Democrats in Congress: They introduced various reconstruction programs including: White southern clergymen had often defended slavery in their sermons in the period before the Civil War.
By fallthe new President Andrew Johnson declared the war goals of national unity and the ending of slavery achieved and reconstruction completed. Republican legislatures, coalitions of whites and blacks, established the first public school systems and numerous charitable institutions in the South.
A Republican coalition of freedmen, southerners supportive of the Union derisively called scalawags by white Democratsand northerners who had migrated to the South derisively called carpetbaggers —some of whom were returning natives, but were mostly Union veterans — organized to create constitutional conventions.
Congress, at this time controlled by the Radicals, proposed the Wade—Davis Bill that required a majority of the state electorates to take the oath of loyalty to be admitted to Congress. How should republicanism operate in the South? Johnson rejected the Radical program of Reconstruction and instead appointed his own governors and tried to finish reconstruction by the end of The laws allowed the confiscation of lands for colonization from those who aided and supported the rebellion.
Leaders who had been Whigs were committed to economic modernization, built around railroads, factories, banks and cities. The compromise that was reached disenfranchised many Confederate civil and military leaders.
By the s, Reconstruction had officially provided freedmen with equal rights under the constitution, and blacks were voting and taking political office. While many slaves were illiterate, educated blacks including escaped slaves moved down from the North to aid them, and natural leaders also stepped forward.
Johnson was acquitted by one vote, but he lost the influence to shape Reconstruction policy. Intense controversy erupted throughout the South over these issues.
Others worked in hotels. Having lost their enormous investment in slaves, white planters had minimal capital to pay freedmen workers to bring in crops. Smith, Arkansas in Septemberwas attended by hundreds of Indians representing dozens of tribes.
As freed slaves tried to establish livelihoods for themselves and take advantage of their new rights under the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, politicians and vigilantes used insidious legislation and intimidation to try to maintain the prewar status quo.
White paramilitary organizationsespecially the Ku Klux Klan and also the White League and Red Shirts formed with the political aim of driving out the Republicans. Carpetbaggers and scalawags served in state legislatures in every southern state during Reconstruction.
The Republicans sought to prevent Southern politicians from "restoring the historic subordination of Negroes".new topic reconstruction after the civil war essay The south-perceived reconstruction as vengeful and It also shows the years of post-civil war reconstruction.
USA, American History, American Civil War - Reconstruction in the Post-Civil War Era. A summary of The Postwar South and the Black Codes: – in History SparkNotes's Reconstruction The South After the War.
American History Civil War Essays - Reconstruction and the Post-War South. Free Essay: After the Civil War, the South lay in ruins. Streets were lined with the lifeless bodies of Confederate soldiers whilst the buildings smoldered.
Nov 20, · Essay on The Civil War and Reconstruction. Slavery prevented South from radical changes the post-war resistance of Southern states was so strong that /5(10).Download