The goal of a literature review is to describe, summarize, evaluate and clarify the prior research on your topic. It determines what has already been investigated, identifies potential relationships between concepts, defines and measures key concepts and relates to research already completed in the field of study.
What research has already been done on your topic? Always consider the research that you have read about. A literature review goes beyond summing up the research of others and explores the relationships within the literature. As you summarize the work you have reviewed, add your own opinion or the consensus that appears to have been drawn from the research.
When summarizing what is known, A guide for literature reviews cooper of an area where work needs to or is likely to be focused in the coming years.
It may sometimes feel as though you are repeating yourself as you recall the points made in elsewhere in the essay, but the tip is to pick three or four points that represent the thrust of your work and summarize these without repeating the reference word for word. For example in an essay about the misconceptions that surround the subject of cloning, an evocative quote would be: Research Tip When completing a literature review it is important to consider how your project may be considered within different disciplines.
New York, Harper Collins. Mark, Apr How to summarize the articles you find into a coherent review Researching a literature review can find enough references from to fill a whole essay with quote after quote. Describes, summarizes, evaluates, clarifies and integrates information on your project Surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to your area of research Provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of significant works Why do a literature review?
Make sure that the work you have summarized is the most relevant to your area of study. This stage is tricky but you will improve with very essay you write.
Ask questions of the research. If you are stuck, then find a powerful quote to use and then review the information around that quote. This quote could form the basis of a section as you explore the concepts of fear, science and cloning etc. When you have made you choice and composed you summary, read through your work again.
Having gathered this information, it is difficult to filter out the essential information, from what is peripheral and what is largely irrelevant see Fink, for further information. The secret to successful research and review is hitting upon the main points, the points that were the foundations or will represent the way forward in your area of study.
But with so many points and so much material how do you summarize your essay without writing it all over again? Resources on Literature Reviews For more guidance, please review the following resources. Make sure it answers the question or statement that you have based your work on, and, of course, never forget the golden rule, leave your reader something to think about!
Templates and Links Need Help? You have already chosen the reference points that will form the basis of your essay and have written your piece.
What solutions or ideas have already been tried? How do the previous solutions, ideas, and research relate to each other?
Focusing your work on literature that has a forward looking slant, and tackles what is not known in the field, will show that you too, are thinking of how the subject will develop in the future Cooper, Start by marking “Synthesizing Research: A Guide for Literature Reviews” as Want to Read: A Guide for Literature Reviews by.
Harris M. Cooper. · Rating details · 9 Ratings · 0 Reviews Lauded by thousands of readers for providing researchers with the first practical approach for doing systematic literature reviews, this popular /5(9).
Integrating Research a Guide for Literature Reviews by Cooper. 17 Mar This informal guide examines primarily the secondary literature in the social T ]; Integrating research: a guide for literature reviews€ 21 Nov Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd. A 5-Step Guide to the Literature Review; Research Strategies & Techniques; How-To Guides, Tutorials & Examples H.M.
Cooper's taxonomy of literature reviews classifies the major characteristics, The following document is a handout accompanying Bow Valley College's Literature Reviews workshop offered through Applied Research &.
Evaluating Introductions and Literature Reviews1 (Cooper,p. 7), is a perva-sive teaching strategy. The National Assessment of Educational Progress found This fails to guide readers through the literature, showing how the refer-ences relate to each other and what they mean as a whole. In contrast, a topical introduction is.
Lauded by thousands of readers for providing researchers with the first practical approach for doing systematic literature reviews, this popular book has been thoroughly updated and revised to include the latest information on the use of electronic technology and the Internet to conduct literature searches.
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